Name spellings and other information in English come directly from Yad Vashem's translation of the Page of Testimony with the picture. As noted at YadVashem.org, sometimes the translation is done by computer, not a human. If contradictory or supplementary information from other sources is submitted to Lynne Tolman, that information and the source will be noted in italics below the larger version of the picture. The same goes for identification of other individuals in a photo in addition to the person who is the subject of the Page of Testimony.
Click on any name or photo to see a larger picture
and more information from Yad Vashem's Central Database of Shoah Victims' Names.
Many other Pages of Testimony for people from Shumsk do not have photos. A much longer list of those killed in the Holocaust is in the Shumsk Yizkor Book, written in Hebrew. The English translation of the Shumsk Yizkor Book, a work in progress, contains the list of surnames of The Martyrs of Shumsk and the number of people with each surname, but not the given names.
Finally, a few grim words about when, where and how these people likely were killed. Most of the Jews who were in Shumsk during the Nazi occupation were shot to death on Aug. 12, 1942, or in the next few days, at the edge of three freshly dug pits on the outskirts of Shumsk. According to a marker installed after World War II at this mass grave, 2,432 Jews are buried there. By one estimate, 90 percent of the Jews who were in Shumsk during the Nazi occupation were killed in the August 1942 massacre. Some others were murdered or died of illness before Aug. 12. About 100 people who had been selected by the Nazis, and another 70 or so who had hidden during the Aktion in mid-August, stayed alive in the synagogue in Shumsk after the massacre. But all except about 30 of those were killed by Yom Kippur, some six weeks later.
The Shumsk Pages